Soccer has just 17 laws.
1 THE FIELD OF PLAY
2 THE BALL
3 THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
4 THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
5 THE REFEREE
6 THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
7 THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
8 THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
9 THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY
10 THE METHOD OF SCORING
12 FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
13 FREE KICKS
14 THE PENALTY KICK
15 THE THROW-IN
16 THE GOAL KICK
17 THE CORNER KICK
*Remember the main function of the laws are for the safety of the players.
We will concentrate on Law 11 - Offisde & Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct.
OFFSIDE: Four Parts - Offside position, active participation, not offside, punishment
Player ahead of ball
Player completely in opponents half of field
There are less than two opponents near the goal line
Active participation -interferes with play, or an opponent or gains advantage
The punishment is loss of ball and an INDIRECT FREE KICK (IFK) to opponents.
CAN'T BE OFFSIDE - on a corner kick, throw-in or goal kick
What are the MAJOR FOULS? 10 in all
Kicking, Striking, Tripping, Pushing, Jumping At, Charging
(Considered to be Careless/Reckless/Excessive force)
Four other offenses (that C/R/EF not required).
Holding, Spitting, Tackling opponent (before the ball), Handling the ball
The restart after a major foul is a DIRECT FREE KICK except when the major foul happens
in the penalty area then a PENALTY KICK is taken.
Key point:A goal can be scored from a Direct Free Kick!
What are MINOR FOULS? 5 in all
Charging fairly when ball is not in playing distance
Charging the Goalkeeper
Impeding the progress
Time wasting by Goalkeeper
The restart after a minor foul is a INDIRECT FREE KICK even when the minor foul
happens in the penalty area!
A Dangerous play occuring in the penalty while sounding major is still INDIRECT!
Key point:A goal can not be scored from a Indirect Free Kick unless two players touch the ball.
Two from the same team or one from each team (i.e. The kicker and a goalkeeper)
Dangerous play could be playing the ball while player is on the ground depends how close
an opponent is to the player.
Nearby (within playing distance) = DANGEROUS PLAY
Not Nearby = NO DANGEROUS PLAY
A couple of sample test questions:
The ball is automatically out of play if the player playing the
ball is off the field? Yes or No
The only kicks to restart play that must travel forward in direction to be in play are:
A. Kickoff and goal kick
B. Goal Kick and penalty kick
C. Kickoff and penalty kick
D. Kickoff and all direct free kicks
1. Introduce yourself to the coaches
2. Check field, goals and nets for any problems
3. Discuss the following with the coaches:
All games have 6 field players and a goalie (7 total)
Substitution rules: Any throw in, All goal kicks, After a goal or Injury
1st & 2nd grade:
25 minute halves
Only one coach from each team on field at any time
No off-sides / No penalty kicks
3rd & 4th grades:
25 minute halves
No offside except for very obvious
Infrations (goal hanging, 20 yards off...)
NO penalty kicks
5th & 6th grades:
30 minute halves
Offside rule applies
Penalty kicks are awarded (taken from penalty area line)
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